Survey: Officers more reluctant to use force
The so-called “Ferguson effect” — officers backing off of policing out of fear that their actions will be questioned after the fact — has been talked about but never really quantified. A new study suggests the effect is a reality, with three-quarters of officers surveyed saying they are hesitant to use force, even when appropriate, and are less willing to stop and question suspicious people.
The nonpartisan Pew Research Center questioned at least 8,000 officers from departments with at least 100 officers in them between May 19 and Aug. 14 last year — most of it ahead of the fatal shootings of five officers in Dallas and three officers in Baton Rouge.
What it found was a significant fear among police about their safety and about carrying out some of the everyday acts of policing.
Some of the key findings:
86 percent of officers said that fatal encounters between blacks and police have made policing more difficult
93 percent said they’re more concerned about safety.
76 percent said they’re more reluctant to use force when appropriate.
75 percent said interactions between police and blacks have become more tense.
72 percent said they or their colleagues are more reluctant to stop and question people who seem suspicious.
Debbie Reynolds’ death certificate lists stroke
Actress Debbie Reynolds died of a stroke and her daughter Carrie Fisher died of cardiac arrest, according to their death certificates.
The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health issued Reynolds’ death certificate in the name of Mary Frances Reynolds. It was obtained Tuesday by The Associated Press.
Relatives have said they are planning a public memorial.
Reward raised for suspect in officer killing
Authorities raised to $100,000 the reward for information leading to the arrest of a suspect in the fatal shooting of an Orlando police sergeant on Tuesday as he eluded hundreds of officers on the second day of a massive manhunt.
Authorities advised that arrest warrants were being prepared for people who may have helped 41-year-old Markeith Loyd evade deputies in the past month as they searched for him for questioning in the slaying of his pregnant ex-girlfriend in December.
Master Sgt. Debra Clayton was fatally shot Monday morning after she approached Loyd in the parking lot of a Wal-Mart store in northwest Orlando. Many of her colleagues immediately joined the pursuit; among them was a sheriff’s deputy who died when he was thrown from his motorcycle in an accident.
— The Associated Press