AUSTIN — The Alamo has long been known as a historic Texas shrine. Recently, however, the San Antonio landmark has been the center of controversy, largely stemming from Tea Party activists wary of a new plan to "re-imagine" the historic site.
Conspiracy theories about the Alamo's future began in July 2015 when the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), gave the San Antonio missions, including the Alamo complex, a World Heritage designation, placing the famed site of the 1836 Battle of the Alamo on par with international landmarks like the Statue of Liberty and the Acropolis in Athens, Greece.
The Texas General Land Office is tasked with managing the Alamo and surrounding properties. But the UNESCO designation prompted concerns that the U.N. planned on taking over the Alamo Historic District. Officials have repeatedly said the designation does not open up the Alamo to any kind of foreign control.
One of the most vocal critics was state Sen. Donna Campbell, R-New Braunfels, who proposed the Protect the Alamo Act in 2015. While unsuccessful, her measure would have banned any foreign entity from owning, controlling or managing the Alamo complex. It also would've prohibited the Texas General Land Office, which manages the Alamo and surrounding properties, from entering into a contract that would allow an "entity formed under the laws of another country" to manage the historic site.
"It's already one of the most recognizable landmarks on the planet," Campbell said when she outlined her measure. "The Alamo is the story of Texas. It was there that Texas first stood her ground to be free, and the U.N. doesn't have any business there."
Concerns about the Alamo's future continued to grow as newly-elected Land Commissioner George P. Bush began prioritizing the site's renovation that year. Local and state officials have long called for updating the site, claiming that it often underwhelms visitors and is increasingly overshadowed by the growth and development of the surrounding city.
"The Alamo is the most important artifact in the state of Texas. It's the most iconic symbol of Texas independence," Douglass McDonald, CEO of the Alamo, said. "From a museum perspective, we look at the preservation of museum artifacts for perpetuity."
In December 2015, Bush and members of the Alamo Endowment Board toured three buildings surrounding the Alamo — the Woolworth, Crockett and Palace buildings — that the state later purchased for $14.4 million.
Last month, Bush unveiled a multi-million-dollar proposal to renovate the Alamo that included quadrupling the site's size, restoring historical structures and closing surrounding streets. Local officials have also discussed moving a cenotaph constructed in 1939 honoring Alamo "defenders" to a location farther from the historic site.
Shortly after Bush unveiled his plans, critics held a "Save the Alamo Cenotaph" rally in San Antonio in which several participants challenged both Bush's re-election and efforts to redesign the historic site. On Wednesday, Rick Range, a self-described "Alamo activist," announced that he planned to run for land commissioner against Bush in 2018. In a news release, Range said that "Bush will be every bit as destructive to the Alamo as was the Mexican Army in 1836."
Along with concerns about redesigning the landmark, some critics thought the new plans to renovate the Alamo — coupled with the UNESCO designation — meant that the state's sovereignty over the site was at risk. McDonald called rumors the U.N. was taking over the Alamo a "perpetuated urban myth."
"There's not one shred of basis for making this statement. I see the online caricatures about this and I see the conversation," McDonald said. "Texans control the site and that will never change."
Bush has also tried to quell theories that the Alamo's future ownership is uncertain.
"To borrow a phrase from the president, there's a whole lot of fake news out there on this," Bush said last month at the Texas Federation of Republican Women's conference in Dallas. He directed the audience to visit a new website set up by his campaign: AlamoTruth.com.
"There you will learn the United Nations will never touch the Alamo," Bush said. "The Alamo will always belong to the people of Texas."
The site asserts that there's no plan to edit the history or name of the Alamo, but rather to "reimagine" the visitor experience. It also says that the final Alamo Master Plan has not been approved, and that Bush and San Antonio Mayor Ron Nirenberg have the power to accept or reject any part of the proposal.
"The following ideas have been developed with Commissioner Bush's desire to give true honor to those who DIED FOR TEXAS," the website reads.
"I want to ensure the funds allocated for the Alamo are spent to emphasize the historical impact of that legendary battle on the development of Texas as a nation and as a state," Patrick said.
Bush expressed optimism that the Senate review will bring more attention toward current efforts to "restore reverence and dignity" to the site of one of the most famous battles in Texas history.
"People make comments about the transparency of funding and every single dollar of state funding is a public record and always has been a public record," McDonald said. "Giving us an official quorum in which to go gives us a great platform to extol the virtues of the management and to quell these bogus rumors made up in the public."
The Texas Tribune is a nonpartisan, nonprofit media organization that informs Texans — and engages with them — about public policy, politics, government and statewide issues.